Kenya National Farmers Federation (KENAFF) and Cooperative Alliance of Kenya Limited (CAK)








Co-operative Alliance Of Kenya Limited (CAK) 



Address o the organisation: Co-operative University College, Along Ushirika road Karen – Nairobi, Kenya. P.O BOX 27162 – 00100 Narobi

General e-mail

Phone number: +254 202516537; +254 202516542; +254 717 634 724

Name of the President or elected Chairperson:Stanley C. MUCHIRI

E-mail address of the President or elected Chairperson:

Phone number of the President or elected Chairperson: +254 202213904

Name of the Secretary, Manager or Chief Executive Officer (CEO): Daniel MARUBE (CEO)

E-mail address of the Secretary, Manager or CEO:

Phone number of the Secretary, Manager or CEO: +254 722857388


Social Media: Facebook


Geographical coverage

Geographical coverage: National


Foundation and nature of the organisation

Date of creation: 22nd of December 2009

Context of creation: CAK replaces the hitherto national apex body, the Kenya National Federation of Co-operatives (KNFC). Formed in 1964, KNFC was the first Apex organization, whose key objective was promoting the development of the co-operative movement in Kenya. In line with its objective, it was instrumental in initiating the establishment of specialized Co-operative Institutions, many of which are now key National Co-operative Organizations (NACO’s) that play a critical role in the financial sector such as the Co-operative Bank of Kenya Ltd, The CIC Insurance Group Ltd, the Kenya Union of Savings and Credit Co-operatives (KUSCCO), the National Cooperative Housing Union, (NACHU) and many Savings And Credit Co-operatives (SACCOs) among others. The formation of CAK was a response to the need by the co-operative movement to have a single voice in addressing its concerns on the national and international stage.

Legal status:  CAK is registered under the Co-operative Societies Act, CAP 490 of 2004. Government ID Number: CS 12402.



Member organisations

Number of member organisations (for Unions or Federations): 9

Type of member organisations: national cooperative organisations (NACO), Co-operative Unions and Primary Co-operative Societies.

Name of main member organisations:

  • Co-operative Bank of Kenya for offering Financial Services;
  • Co-operative Insurance Company (CIC) offering Insurance Services;
  • Co-operative University College of Kenya for Co-operative Education and Training;
  • KUSCCO, the union for urban savings and credit co-operatives;
  • NACHU, for the Housing Co-operatives in Kenya;
  • Kenya Rural SACCO Societies Union, (KERUSSU) for the Rural Savings and Credit Co-operatives;
  • Co-operative Development Information Centre (CODIC) for Computer Software Information Management;
  • Kenya Co-operative Coffee Exporters (KCCE) for Value Addition and Marketing of Coffee;
  • New Kenya Co-operative Creameries (New KCC) for Processing and Marketing Dairy Produce.

Individual farmers members

Number of individual farmers/rural producers members:over 1,8 million accounting for over 90% of production in coffee, cotton, pyrethrum, sugarcane, tea, dairy, fisheries and farm purchase (data: CAK 2016)

Type of members : smallholders, farmers, commercial farmers, fisher folks and pastoralists

Number of individual women farmers/rural producers members:About 20% of the individual farmers are women.


Governing Bodies: CAK has a Governing Council that serves as the governing authority of the Alliance and consist of:15 elected members comprising of four from the National Co-operative Organizations; eight from the regions of Nairobi, Western, Nyanza, Rift Valley, Central, Eastern, Coast and North Eastern; one representing countrywide SACCOs; and two co-opted by the Governing Council.

The Commissioner for Co-operative Development is included and is an ex-official member and the Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer serves as the secretary to the Council.

Sub-committees are to be constituted from the Council members to address issues such as but not limited to Co-operative Finance, Agriculture and Manufacturing, Co-operative Business and Trade, Co-operative Governance & Policy, Technical (on programmes, projects and proposals) and Audit (Monitoring & Evaluation).

Except for Nairobi County with 25 elected delegates, members in the rest of the Counties elect 5 delegates each and as such CAK has 255 delegates countrywide.

Organization: Apex, NACOs, Secondary Co-operative Societies (District Unions); Primary Co-operative Societies (Member based) 



Strategic plan: CAK’s strategic framework (2012-2017) is build around 8 key value drivers Lobbying and Advocacy; Networking and Collaboration; Research and Development; CAK Institutional Development; Programmes and Projects; Information and Communication; Membership Growth; Enterprise Risk Management. Under each key value driver were identified various areas in which results are expected to be achieved.

Objective/s of the FO:

  • To represent, fulfill and to further the interests of its members with emphasis on lobbying, advocacy, networking and collaboration at Local, Regional and International level.
  • To promote the development of the Co-operatives.
  • To engage in any income generating activity in furtherance of the above objectives.
  • To act as a custodian and exponent of the Co-operative values and the Co-operative Principles.

Mission and Vision of the FO: 

Vision. To be the voice and national guardian of the Co-operative Movement in Kenya.

Mission. To represent, fulfill and to further the interests of members

Slogan. “We are stronger together”

Core Values.The CAK ascribes to values and principles that are integral to its advocacy role for the Co-operative movement. These are the following:

  • The Co-operative Principles of: Voluntary and Open Membership;Democratic Member Control;Member Economic Participation; Autonomy and Independence; Education, Training and Information; Co-operation among Co-operatives; Concern for Community;
  • Non Political: CAK shall not have any affiliations to political parties or ideas which are divisive or bring tribal animosity but shall remain non-partisan by promoting the social and economic wellbeing of all its members irrespective of their political affiliations;
  • Integrity: CAK shall operate on the principles of integrity that promote honesty and transparency and accountability while shunning ills such as corruption, drug abuse and human rights violations, among others;
  • Ethical Policy:CAK shall not engage in or support any organization that engages in activities that are destructive to the environment but instead shall support environmental conservation;CAK shall not condone corruption but shall promote good governance practices internally and within the co-operative movement;CAK is an equal opportunity organization and shall not condone discrimination or harassment but shall champion equality within the co-operative movement. CAK shall encourage women, youth and persons living with disabilities to take up leadership roles in society;CAK shall not condone human rights violations but will champion fair treatment of all;CAK shall not condone child labour but shall encourage adoption of acceptable labour practices as well as the right of education for all children;CAK shall not engage in any divisive activities but shall encourage unity amongst persons of different cultures;CAK shall promote competition and fair dealing internally and amongst its stakeholders; CAK shall not have any dealings with organizations who are not compliant to laid down laws but shall encourage all to adhere to laws, rules and regulations laid out.



Main areas/sectors of intervention: Lobby and advocacy, institutional support to members, provision of economic services, information

Main activities:

Lobbying and advocacy and involvement in policy formulation and analysis. CAK’s key mandate is to pursue lobbying and advocacy for a favourable and enabling policy and legal environment for Co-operative Development in Kenya to create harmony in the Co-operative Movement for socio-economic member empowerment. In particular,

·      CAK lobbied for the enactment of the SACCO Societies Act No. 14 of 2008 which has led to the establishment of the SACCO Societies Regulatory Authority. The National Apex has continued to champion for an enabling environment on behalf of the Co-operative Movement by taking an active role in the formulation of Country Co-operative Laws;

·       CAK received support from Eastern Africa Farmers Federation (EAFF) in 2015 under the Food Governance Project to fast track the drafting of the proposed county co-operative law into a model County Co-operative Society’s Bill by legal draftsmen. A national co-operative validation forum for the proposed county co-operative societies bill was held with 38 county governments’ representatives and over 200 co-operative leaders attended the meeting. The USAID funded co-operative Program (EMIRGE) further supported the process of fast tracking the legislation process for the buy-in of the legislative process by the county and national governments. The legislation process requires a lot of further consultations with the stakeholders and in particular the county government and relevant committees of the county government in order to ultimately lead to the enactment of the model county co-operative society’s bill into 47 Act’s of the County Parliaments. Once enacted, there will be a need for simplifying and translation of the laws and the sensitization to the co-operative leadership, management and members;

·      CAK actively participated in the drafting and public hearing of the East Africa Community Co-operative Society Bill, 2015. The law aims at boosting regional trade and co-operation among co-operatives for greater economic growth. For more information on the  process leading to the approval of the Bill, please click here.

Provision of economic Services

·       Improving the process of the value chain. CAK, in collaboration with other relevant stakeholders, is spearheading the revival of the agricultural production such as cotton, fish and aquaculture, apiculture, dairy/livestock, coffee, horticulture, cashew nut, macadamia nuts among others. Areas of intervention include the following activities: (i) procurement and distribution of farm inputs, (ii) bulk handling of grain and fertilizers, (iii) value addition and supply chain management, (iv) ware housing receipt system, (v) marketing of produce through e-service, (vi) promoting exchange programme locally, regionally and internationally, (vii) enhancing food security through micro-irrigation for small holder farmer.

·    Credit cooperative. Co-operatives have played a key role in financial deepening and intermediation with mobilized savings of Kshs 378 billion, (2010). This accounts for 30% of the gross national savings while providing affordable credit to members in over 5,628 SACCOs which have established over 400 Front Office Services Activities (FOSAs) that are deposit taking activities in both urban and rural areas. Some SACCOs are now key financial sector players and providers of micro finance services.

·   Institutional development. CAK addresses and incubates emerging cooperative institutions/organizations such as investment, women and youth co-operatives among others. CAK does play the pivotal role of institutional development through supply of model by-laws and conducting pre-co-operative member awareness program. With the support of the Support to Farmers’ Organisations in Africa Programme (SFOAP) and throughEAFF, CAK is particularly facilitating the strengthening of two agricultural co-operatives (Kirinyaga Dairy Co-operative Society and Borabu Dairy Co-operative Union).


·       Awareness Campaign and Innovation:  CAK undertakes intensive awareness programs within the Co-operative Movement in the following areas; (i) innovative development of products and services, (ii) good corporate governance, value addition and supply chain management, (iii) promotion of new forms of co-operatives, (iv) strengthening of existing weak co-operatives and supporting the newly registered co-operatives through governance programs and member training days, (v) co-operative educational programs through the existing print media and broadcasting on radio and television for the visibility of the co-operative movement.

·      Information Communication Technology: CAK has established networks and linkages with ICT service providers with a view to enhancing e-service/e-business through relevant Information System and Information Technology for the benefit of the entire Co-operative Movement in Kenya and Africa.

Institutional support to members. CAK organises international exchange visits and study tours for members. These include:(i) the MASHAV Israel Training, in collaboration with Alliance Africa, on the topic "Cooperating out of Poverty- Cooperatives and Enterprise Promotion in Africa"; (ii) The Japanese Consumers’ Co-operative Union (JCCU) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) study tour, in collaboration with African Cooperative Leaders (2016); (iii)  CAK/DGRV Study Visit (2016 – on going).

Main products of members:coffee, cotton, pyrethrum, sugarcane, tea, dairy, fish, cereals



Main partners: Agence Française de Développement (AFD), German Cooperative and Raiffeisen Confederation (DGRV), European Union (EU), IFAD, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), USAID.

Main projects:

  • Support to Farmers’ Organisations in Africa Programme (SFOAP) (2013-2017) (IFAD, EU, SDC, AFD financing), a capacity building programme supporting the institutional development of farmers’ organisations. CAK participates in the SFOAP as a member of EAFF;
  • CAK/ DGRV Project (2014-2017) aiming to strengthen governance structures in agricultural co-operatives and their associated rural SACCO’s.
  • EMIRGE (2016-2017) (USAID finacing). USAID/EMIRGE has entered into a memorandum of understanding with CAK to support the on-going lobby activities of CAK for a model county co-operative society’s bill in support of the devolved functions of the co-operative sector.
  • Kingslink International –Designing a Project to enable CAK undertake the First Kenya Co-operative Census. 

Membership in other organisations: CAK is a member of: EAFF; Kenya Private Sector Alliance (KEPSA); International Co-operative Alliance (ICA); Agricultural Sector Development Support Programme (ASDSP), Nairobi County



  • AgriCord,, profile of CAK. Available here.
  • CAK, website
  • NTHIGA. J. W. Climate change smallholder farmers to achieve food security and Income Growth: case study from Kenya. October 2010.
  • WANYAMA. F. O. (ILO). Surviving Liberalization: the cooperative movement in Kenya. 2009. Available here


Last update: September 2016






Kenya National Farmers Federation (KENAFF)



Address: Family Health Plaza, Mbagathi Way, Off Langata Road, Nairobi, Kenya

Postal address:P O. Box 43148-00100 - Nairobi, Kenya


Phone: +254 20 2180608 or +254 20 2180648

Chairman: Leonard NDUATI KARIUKI (,,

Chief Executive Officer: Dr John MUTUNGA –



Geographical coverage (source: KENAFF website January 2015)

Currently, the federation is spread in 42 out of 47 counties in Kenya.

Date and Context of creation

Date of creation: 1946

The history of the Federation dates back to 1946 when the organisation was known as the Kenya National Farmers Union (KNFU). It was formed mainly to serve the interests of the large-scale white settler farmers. After independence in 1963, the small-scale farmers agitated for the formation of their union, a process that was concluded in 1973 with the KNFU changing its constitution to accommodate smallholder farmers, the majority of whom it represents to date. During this period, the KNFU became a very strong lobby group, agitating for price control measures and equitable distribution of land resources.

The economic reforms in Kenya between 1980-1997, compounded with internal leadership problems, affected the KNFU. During this period, Commodity Associations replaced the Union in the marketing boards. Meanwhile, these organisations dealt with specific enterprises, and hence the space for the KNFU was still seen to be very relevant.

The period 1997-2002 saw the revival of the KNFU. A new team of visionary leaders reached out to many development partners and other stakeholders who agreed to support the revival efforts. Commodity associations agreed to join the KNFU in order to strengthen the valuable voice of farmers in Kenya. The change from individual to corporate membership came in with the change of name from National Farmers Union to a Federation of Agricultural Producers.

The need to rejuvenate the federation's identity in 2002 stemmed from the realisation that the members required better services. In addition, after an assessment of its activities, it was recommended that the KNFU adopt a business like approach in order to generate its own funds. The leadership begun conducting aggressive membership recruitment drives and changed its name to the Kenya National Federation of Agricultural Producers (KENFAP).  In August 2012, KENFAP was renamed the Kenya National Farmers Federation (KENAFF).

Membership. KENAFF has over 60 area branches (at the district level), 36 commodity associations and 15 co-operatives. The federation’s stronghold encompasses 2 million families farm drawn from the farming community and structured into 10,000 farmer groups. The commodity associations are:

-          Dairy Goat Association of Kenya;

-          Kenya Horticultural Crops Growers Association;

-          Rift Valley Region;

-          Nyanza;

-          Kenya Livestock Breeders Organization;

-          Western Region;

-          South Nyanza Region;

-          Nairobi Region;

-          Eastern Lowlands Region;

-          Mt. Kenya Region;

-          Coastal Region;

-          North Eastern Region;

-          Goat and sheep breeders association;

-          Central;

-          Kenya Passion Fruit Association;

-          Kenya National Fisherfolk Association (KENAFA);

-          Kenya Coffee Producers Association (KCPA);

-          Kenya Livestock Marketing Council;

-          Barley Growers Association of Kenya;

-          Pyrethrum Growers Association;

-          Kenya Cotton Growers Association;

-          Highridge Banana Growers Association;

-          Kenya Sugar Cane Growers Association (KESGA);

-          Kenya Poultry Farmers Association (KEPOFA);

-          Bee Keepers Association;

-          Kenya National Potato Farmers Association;

-          Kenya Mushroom Growers Association (KEMGA);

-          National Alliance of Community Forests Association;

-          Migori Soyabeans and Passion Fruit Association;

-          Nyanza Eastern Western Tobacco Farmers (NEWFTA);

-          Kenya Livestock Producers Association (KPLA);

-          Women Group.

Objective/mission of the NFO

Vision. A vibrant agricultural sector sustaining improved livelihoods. 

Mission. Progressively influence change in the agricultural sector environments and promote agri-business through targeted interventions. 

Core Values. The federation has anchored its foundation on farmer empowerment, collective action, representation and gender mainstreaming with a strong focus on enhancing suitable livelihoods. Therefore, KENAFF aspires to attain excellence in service delivery as inspired by a variety of slogans geared towards making every aspect of the Federation “vibrant”: Strong examples of this are:

-            Visionary in pursuits;

-            Innovative in provision of home grown solutions;

-            Bold in confronting challenges;

-            Responsive to the membership's needs;

-            Accountable to its members and stakeholders through observance of ultimate integrity;

-            Nurturing the young membership into super actors;

-            Teamwork in harnessing synergies and professionalism.

Strategic Plan 2013-2017: The federation is currently guided by the 2013-2017 strategic plan whose theme is "connecting, transforming, sustaining livelihoods" which has six strategic aims/objectives that are driven by the various departments:

  1. Improve the performance of the federation through capacity enhancement, stronger membership base and collaborative actions for better livelihoods;
  2. Sustain the federation through investment in mutually beneficial opportunities, enhanced resource mobilization, effective partnerships and alignment to the devolved government;
  3. Effectively engage in relevant dialogue processes for improved operational environments, renewed significance of agriculture and purposeful investments;
  4. Realize a progressive information, communication and knowledge management system, responsive to the needs of the Federation and its public relations functions at all levels;
  5. Contribute to environmental conservation through empowering actors, promoting linkages and dialogue while sustaining leadership in bio-energy;
  6. Promote smallholder gender balanced agricultural productivity and competitiveness through application of agribusiness principles and innovations for improved benefits.

Main activities

a)       Lobbying and advocacy

Governors Round Table. The federation now seeks to enhance county based advocacy to lobby the specific county governments to adopt and implement the county based Agribusiness Business Agendas (ABA)s.

Livelihood project. KENAFF’s overall objective is to enhance the capacity of the local communities in the project areas to participate in policy dialogue so as to influence change for increased resilience and secure livelihoods.

Food governance. Through its participation in the Eastern Africa Farmer Organizations, KENAFF has enhanced its opportunities to work on effective policy dialogue engagement for food security governance and improvement of rural livelihood. With the Farmers Advocacy Consultation Tool (FACT), KENAFF’s aim was to strengthen the capacity of farmers in the decision making process through effective participation in the county budget cycle in the post-2012 devolved government system.

Agribusiness Agenda. From may 2013 to October 2014, KENAFF organised a consultancy to prepare a broader view on Agro-ecological Zoning (AEZ) specific ABA in terms of: Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL), Medium and High potential AEZ and to support KENAFF’s Lobby and Advocacy in twenty (20) Counties’ administrations. The objectives were: to categorize Kenya into the three AEZ and map out the twenty counties; to engage the local actors (KENAFF’s leaders and staff included) in the twenty counties in order to validate AEZ specific issues through validation workshops; to engage the local actors in the twenty counties in developing county Specific ABAs; and to produce and advise on the delivery mechanisms of the twenty county specific ABAs for onward transmission to county respective administrations. The subsequent achievements are (i) a comprehensive analysis of the counties based on AEZ, (ii) ABA to engage the County government which will clearly define what KENAFF wants from the Counties in support of improving agriculture, (iii) a road map to effective engagement of the county governments and appropriate strategies for effective follow up and performance measurement.

b)       Agribusiness and value chain

KENAFF is implementing

-  the revitalising of the banana industry through strengthening of the Banana Growers Association of Kenya (BGAK) project aiming to improve incomes of smallholder Banana Growers in Kenya.

- the Kenya Agricultural Value Chain Enterprises (KAVES) Project aiming to increase the productivity and incomes of smallholders and other actors along the value chain, thereby enhancing food security and improving nutritional status. The beneficiaries, 15,200 smallholder farmers, will produce maize, milk, tomatoes and potatoes at commercial standards.

c)       Environment ad renewable energy

Biogass. KENAFF is involved in the implementation of the he 4S@Scale programme is a Public-Private Partnership (PPP) supported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands (DGIS) between Hivos and ECOM (2013-2018). The objective is to improve the livelihoods of 90,000 smallholder coffee farmers in East Africa using integrated farming systems. This programme is based on sustainable coffee farming systems through the use of bio-slurry and income diversification efforts through dairy and/or horticulture. Under this programme, KENAFF will promote biogas to enhance diversification of income and productivity.

KENAFF is implementing the project Scaling Out Approaches to Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) in Eastern Africa in the Thika and Koibatek districts, with the objective to: (i) develop and disseminate protocols for selected CSA practices in Eastern Africa; (ii) increase the adoption of CSA practices in the target areas; (iii) build capacity of farmer organisations to adopt the appropriate climate smart agriculture options for their respective agro-ecological conditions. The intention is for this capacity to be retained within the organisations by the end of the project.

d)       Farmers empowerment.

Right-based approach. KENAFF is supporting the empowerment of farmers through mainstreaming rights-based approach in KENAFF and its affiliate farmer organizations in Kenya.

Innovation. Through the Farmer Empowerment for Innovation in Smallholder Agriculture (FISA) project, KENAFF supports farmers’ organizations to enhance facilitation for market-led innovation in smallholder agriculture.

Kenya Productivity and Agribusiness project. KAPAP is the second phase of the 12 years Kenya Agricultural Productivity Programme (KAPP) whose implementation started in 2004. KAPAP was jointly supported by the Kenyan Government and the World Bank and covered a period of 5 years (2009-2014) under the framework of the Agricultural Sector Development Strategy (ASDS). The project development objective was to empower stakeholders to transform smallholder agricultural production and marketing systems for increased productivity and incomes in the project areas. The main activities were organised around delivery of the following outcomes: (i) Strengthened farmer knowledge and organisation at the grassroots level; (ii) Organisational support to apex farmers and Commodity Associations/Organizations with effective representation, partnerships and networks, articulated strategic orientations and active participations in development issues; (iii) Institutional support and strengthening of KENAFF to deliver its core functions; (iv) Organization/support of other stakeholders, including service providers and consultative stakeholder platforms; and, (v)  Support to improving governance and strengthening the cooperative movement. 


a) Membership to other networks or agricultural platforms

KENAFF is a member of the Eastern African Farmer Federation (EAFF).

b) Partnerships

International partners:

SFOAP (IFAD, EU, SDC, AFD). KENAFF participates in the SFOAP as a member of the EAFF.


-    In addition to the 2011-2014 Enhancement of Farmer Entrepreneurship for Development (EFED) project, Agriterra and KENAFF took the initiative mid-2014 to collaborate on a separate project to strengthen and improve the KENAFF PMEL system.

-      With the support of the EU, KENAFF and Agriterra agreed to collaborate in extending the Farmers Advocacy Consultation Tool (FACT) approach to cover 20 counties in Kenya, in order to strengthen the capacity of farmers in the decision making process through effective participation in the county budget cycle in the post-2012 devolved government system (2013-2014).

Christian Aid. Lobby and Advocacy project interventions for the livelihood improvement project (2013-2014).

FAO through theAgribusiness Support for Smallholders (ABSS) project, aiming to contribute to increasing productivity, commercialisation and competitiveness of small producers and Small-and Medium-sized Agricultural Enterprises (SMAE) (2012-2013)

Netherland Embassy. Trough the4S@Scale programme, KENAFF has developed a biogass project.

Others partners: SNV, Finnish Embassy, Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA)


Main resources and publications

OSINDGA K J. Policy advocacy in the context of farmers’ organisations (2014)

MUTUNGA J. (KENAFF). The role of smallholder farmers in sustaining food processing and packaging. 20Th November 2014. Available here 

NYANDO V. Study tour country federation/ government Muranga. 22 to 28 june 2014. Available here

NYIKAL R. (Nairobi University). Capacity Strenghtening Strategy through Capacity Needs Assessment for Country Level Strategic Analysis and Knowledge Support System (SAKSS). August 2014.. Available here