World continents


  • Plate-forme Nationale des Organisations Paysannes et des producteurs Agricoles du Bénin (PNOPPA), Benin       
  • Confédération paysanne du Faso (CPF), Burkina Faso
  • National Coordinating Organisation for Farmer Associations of The Gambia (NACOFAG), Gambia
  • Farmers Organisations Network of Ghana (FONG), Ghana
  • Conseil national des Organisations Paysannes de Guinée (CNOP-G), Guinea
  • Quadro nacional de Concertacão das Organizaçoes Camponeses e productores agricolas da Guiné Bissau (QCOPGB), Guinea Bissau
  • Association nationale des Organisations de Producteurs agricoles de Côte d’Ivoire (ANOPACI),Ivory Coast
  • Liberian farmers Union Network, Liberia
  • Coordination nationale des Organisations paysannes du Mali (CNOP-M), Mali
  • Plateforme paysanne du Niger (PFP-N), Niger
  • Conseil national de Concertation et de Coopération des ruraux (CNCR), Senegal
  • National Farmers Association of Sierra Leone (NAFSL), Sierra Leone
  • Coordination togolaise des Organisations paysannes et de Producteurs agricoles (CTOP), Togo


  • Confederaçoa das associacoes de camponesese cooperativas agropecuarias de Angola (UNACA), Angola
  • Concertation Nationale des Organisations Paysannes du Burundi (CNOP Burundi), Burundi
  • Concertation Nationale des Organisations Paysannes du Cameroun (CNOP-CAM), Cameroon
  • Conseil National de Concertation des Producteurs Ruraux du Tchad (CNCPRT), Chad
  • Concertation Nationale des Organisations Paysannes de Centrafrique (CNOP CAF), Central African Republic
  • Concertation Nationale des Organisations Paysannes du Congo (CNOP Congo), Congo
  • Federation Nationale des Organisations Paysannes de la Guinée Equatoriale (FENOCGE), Equatorial Guinea
  • Confédération Paysanne du Congo (COPACO), DRC
  • Concertation Nationale des Organisations Paysannes du Gabon (CNOP Gabon), Gabon
  • Fédération Nationale des Petits Producteurs de Sao Tome et Principe (FENAPA STP), Sao Tomé and Principe


  • Union Nationale des Paysans Algériens (UNPA), Algeria
  • Central Agricultural Cooperative Union (CACU), Egypt
  • Syndicat Général des Agriculteurs et Eleveurs Libyens, Libya
  • Fédération Mauritanienne de l’Agriculture, Mauritania
  • Union Marocaine de l’Agriculture (UMA), Morocco
  • Sudanese Farmers and Pastoralists Union, Sudan
  • Union Tunisienne de l’Agriculture et de la Pêche (UTAP), Tunisia


  • Botswana Agricultural Union (BAU), Botswana
  • Lesotho National Agricultural Union ENAFU), Lesotho
  • Coalition of Farmers Organizations (CPM), Madagascar
  • Confédération des Agriculteurs Malagasy (FEKRITAMA), Madagascar
  • Farmers’ Union of Malawi,Malawi
  • National Smallholder Farmers’ Association of Malawi, Malawi
  • Uniao Nacional de Componesses, Mozambique
  • Namibia National Farmers’ Union (NNFU), Namibia
  • Namibia Agricultural Union, Namibia
  • Seychelles Farmers’ Association (SeyFA), Seychelles
  • Agri-South Africa, South Africa
  • Swaziland National Agricultural Union (SNAU), Swaziland
  • Agricultural Council of Tanzania (ACT), United Rep. of Tanzania
  • Zambia National Farmers’ Union (ZNFU), Zambia
  • Zimbabwe Farmers’ Union (ZFU), Zimbabwe
  • Commercial Farmers’ Union, Zimbabwe


  • Confedération des Associations des Producteurs Agricoles pour le Développement (CAPAD), Burundi
  • Djibouti Agro-Pastoralist Association, Djibouti
  • Cooperative Centrale du Nord-Kivu (COOCENKI), DRC
  • Fèdèration des organisations Producteurs du Congo au Nord-Kivu (FOPAC), DRC
  • Ligue Des Organisations Des Fèmmes Paysannes Du Congo (LOFEPACO),DRC
  • Syndicat De Defense Des Interests Paysans (SYDIP), DRC
  • Oromia Coffee Farmers Co-operative Union (OCFCU), Ethiopia
  • Oromia Pastoralists Association, Ethiopia
  • National Confederation of Eritrean Workers (NCEW), Eritrea
  • Kenya National Federation of Agricultural Producers (KENFAP), Kenya
  • Kenya Livestock Producers Association (KLPA), Kenya
  • Co-operative Alliance of Kenya (CAK), Kenya
  • Rwanda Farmers’ Federation (IMBARAGA), Rwanda
  • Syndicat Rwandais des Agriculteurs et Eleveurs (INGABO), Rwanda
  • National Co-operative Confederation of Rwanda (NCCR), Rwanda
  • South Sudan Agricultural
  • Producers Union (SSAPU), South Sudan
  • Uganda National Farmers’ Federation (UNFFE),Uganda
  • Uganda Co-operative Alliance (UCA), Uganda
  • National Union for Coffee Agribusinesses and Farm Enterprise (NUCAFE), Uganda
  • Mtandao wa Vikundi Vya Wakulima wa Tanzania (MVIWATA), United Rep. of Tanzania
  • Tanzania Federation of Co-operatives (TFC), United Rep. of Tanzania
  • Agricultural Council of Tanzania (ACT), United Rep. of Tanzania


Background: About SFOAP and its pilot phase (2009-2012)

The Support to Farmers’ Organizations in Africa Programme (SFOAP) was a pilot programme launched in 2009 to strengthen the capacity of FOs in African countries and their regional and pan-African networks. It was the first continental programme in Africa to be initiated by the four regional networks of FOs in sub-Saharan Africa (EAFF, PROPAC, ROPPA and SACAU) to work together with a single programme in support of the institutional development of their organizations at all levels. SFOAP implementers: The pilot phase supported 55 national organizations in 39 countries, their four regional networks in sub-Saharan Africa and the establishment of the Pan-African Farmers’ Organization (PAFO).

Donors: European Union (EUR 5 million) and IFAD (US$1.5 million)

Main results:

  • Increased management capacity benefiting national farmers’ organizations. Staff secured for day-to-day management and financial accounting.
  • Accountability of FOs to their membership base, internal democracy and governance. The development of more than 31 constitutional texts, manuals of procedure, strategic plans and institutional databases strengthened the corporate governance of FOs. Also, 43 governing body meetings and 106 consultations among FOs members were organized.
  • Formulation of policy positions. Forty-two evidence-based studies were carried out and discussed among members and stakeholders.
  • FOs as players in policy processes. FOs developed more than 44 policy positions and attended local, national and regional policy forums improving their recognition, reputation and credibility among governments, local authorities and partners.
  • African FOs launched the Pan- African Farmers’ Organization, the first continental organization of African farmers.

The SFOAP main phase (2013-2017)

The SFOAP helps African FOs to evolve into more stable, performing and accountable organizations that effectively represent their members and advise them on farming enterprises. The main phase builds on the successes and lessons learned from the pilot phase and scales up programme activities and outreach. The design fully integrates the main recommendations from the independent evaluation of the pilot phase.

The programme aims to further strengthen and consolidate the institutional capacities of FOs and give them a greater say in agricultural policies and programmes. In addition, the main phase supports the development of FOs’ economic services to facilitate the integration of smallholder farmers in value chains. The support focuses on a limited number of cases to assess their results and impact and systematize the successful experiences through knowledge generation and sharing.

The inclusion of a fifth regional network, the Union Maghrébine et Nord Africaine des Agriculteurs (UMNAGRI) has expanded the geographical area of the main phase to the North Africa region. The programme now supports 68 national farmers’ organizations (NFOs) in 49 countries, their five regional networks and the Pan- African Farmers’ Organization (PAFO).

Programme financing and partners

Programme financing and partners

IFAD supervises and cofinances the SFOAP main phase.

The European Union (EU), Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and Agence Française de Développement (AFD) provide funding through IFAD. The total cost of the programme is EUR 19.9 million, which includes a contribution from the EU of EUR 15 million.

The SFOAP is a major ‘component’ of the EU, IFAD, SDC and AFD partnership for strengthening FOs worldwide through direct support to capacity-building. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) provide additional technical support.

AgriCord, a key programme partner, is implementing a highly complementary programme, Farmers Fighting Poverty/AFRICA partly funded by the EU through IFAD. FFP/AFRICA and SFOAP are the two components of Farmers’ Africa: a wider programme supporting African FOs. The total cost of the programme is EUR 40 million, which includes a contribution from the EU of EUR 26.9 million.

A toolbox for capacity-building

A toolbox for capacity-building

SFOAP activities are organized around institutional and organizational strengthening, involvement in policy processes and providing economic services (see Chart 2).

The institutional strengthening component provides FOs with:

  • Strategic tools such as constitutional texts and membership databases
  • Staff, equipment and resources
  • Training and expertise
  • Consultation with members and communication
  • Knowledge generation and sharing.

The component on policy engagement helps FOs to:

  • Conduct policy studies and analyses
  • Promote meetings to forge common policy positions
  • Carry out advocacy and lobbying activities
  • Support the monitoring of policy implementation.

The component on provision of economic services supports FOs to:

  • Provide advisory services for integration into value chains
  • Generate, share and capitalize on knowledge and experiences.

A fourth component supports the operationalization of the PAFO to enable it to actively participate in political dialogue at the pan-African and international levels.

Implementation responsibilities

Implementation responsibilities

Funds go to regional networks, which then channel them to NFOs. The regional networks are responsible for the overall coordination and implementation of activities within their region. NFOs are the co-implementers of the programme and are responsible for the execution of national activities.

In North Africa, implementation arrangements follow a dual approach. Complementary to and in cooperation with the direct institutional support provided to UMNAGRI, the Formation pour l’Épanouissement et le Renouveau de la Terre (Fert) – an agri-agency member of AgriCord – develops and pilots test tools for FOs to provide tailored services to poorer members, principally geared towards inclusion in value chains.

Unifying principles throughout the programme

Unifying principles throughout the programme

Ownership: Farmers organizations define objectives and activities based on their respective strategic plans

Flexibility: The programme is adaptable to emerging opportunities, the evolution of smallholder priorities and to the international agenda for the agriculture sector

Subsidiarity: The principle of subsidiarity guides programme implementation and determines the attribution of responsibilities in the implementation of activities in order to maximize synergies and complementarities between the different levels of intervention

Coordination with complementary projects: Coordination is ensured to develop synergies between different projects and interventions at national and regional levels and to learn from their experiences

Peer learning and inclusiveness: Peer-to-peer support and knowledgesharing

from country-level activities are promoted, and the regional and continental networks play a key role to develop linkages and facilitate networking and exchanges at all levels

Mainstream gender and youth: Focus on women and young people is at the core of the programme and special interventions are developed to promote their participation